This report presents a case wherein severe gagging during dental treatment was linked to hiatus hernia.
A 22-year-old man with a severe gagging problem presented with a chief complaint of pain localized to the lower molars. Oral examination revealed inadequate plaque control, demineralization of the enamel surface on buccal-gingival margins of all teeth, and inflamed gingival tissue surrounding the coronal portion of both mandibular third molars; panoramic radiography revealed that they were horizontally impacted. As the patient reported experiencing vomiting and heartburn for the past two months, he was referred to the internal medicine department before scheduling surgical tooth extraction. Hiatus hernia and reflux esophagitis were diagnosed, and the severity of gagging was significantly reduced by modifying the patient’s eating behavior and administering a proton pump inhibitor. Although intravenous sedation was still required for surgical extraction of the impacted third molars, preventive treatments, such as tooth cleaning and fluoride application, could be performed without the need for pharmacological intervention.
While gagging is often attributed to conditioning responses and iatrogenic factors, interdisciplinary consultation for successful management may facilitate the elucidation of local anatomical and systemic causes.

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