We aimed to assess sexual function, sexual distress and the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) among women with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA), and to assess if the presence of OSA and dyspnea influences the prevalence of FSD, body image during sexual activity and sexual function.
We assessed 23 women with new OSA diagnosis and 23 healthy age and body mass index (BMI) matched controls. Sexual functions were evaluated by Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (CSFQ), sexual dysfunction was diagnosed based on DSM-5 criteria during the semi-structured sexual interview, whereas body image was evaluated by Body Exposure during Sexual Activities Questionnaire (BESAQ). New York Heart Association score (NYHA) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used to assess dyspnea.
OSA women had worse general sexual function and lower frequency of desire assessed by CSFQ (37.0 vs. 42 and 5 vs. 6), were at higher risk for FSD (CSFQ; 80% vs. 48%) and had a higher NYHA score (II vs. I). The prevalence of FSD did not differ in both groups, nor did sexual dysfunctions or body image (BESAQ). The multiple regression analysis revealed that OSA was associated with lower desire/frequency, higher NYHA scores with decreased desire/interest and worse body image during sexual activity, whereas higher VAS scores with worse desire/frequency.
OSA probably does not influence the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in females. However, OSA, as well as the higher level of dyspnea assessed by NYHA, may decrease sexual body image and sexual performance in females.

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