To evaluate erectile and sexual function after pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) by performing a retrospective review of a large multi-center database. We hypothesized that most men will have erectile dysfunction (ED) and poor sexual function following PFUI, which will remain after posterior urethroplasty.
Using the Trauma and Urologic Reconstructive Networks of Surgeons (TURNS) database, we identified PFUI patients undergoing posterior urethroplasty. We excluded patients with incomplete demographic, surgical and/or questionnaire data. Sexual Health Inventory of Men (SHIM), Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ), and subjective changes in penile curvature were collected before urethroplasty surgery and at follow-up. We performed descriptive statistics for erectile and ejaculatory function using STATA v12.
We identified 92 men meeting inclusion criteria; median age was 41.7 years and BMI was 26.5. The mechanism of injury was blunt in all patients, and average distraction defect length was 2.3 cm (SD 1.0 cm). In the 38 patients who completed both pre and post-operative SHIM questionnaires, the mean SHIM score was 10.5 (SD 7.0), with 63% having severe ED (SHIM <12). The median follow-up was 5.6 months and the mean post-operative SHIM was 9.3 (SD 6.5), with 68% having severe ED. The mean change in SHIM score was -1.18 (SD 6.29) with 6 (16%) patients reporting ED (≥5 point decrease in score). Of the men with pre-operative MSHQ data, 46/74 (62.1%) had difficulty with ejaculation, 25/35 (71%) had change in penile length, and 6/33 (18%) reported penile curvature. In men with post-operative MSHQ, 19/44 (43%) expressed difficulty with ejaculation, 23/32 (72%) had change in penile length, and 9/33 (27%) reported penile curvature.
There is a high rate of severe ED, both following PFUI and remaining after posterior urethroplasty. Additionally, rates of ejaculatory difficulty and patient perceived changes in penile length and curvature underscore the complex nature of the impact of these injuries on sexual function beyond simple erectile function.

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