Social determinants of health (SDoH) influence health outcomes differentially across gender. Gender differences in SDoH have been identified at baseline in opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment studies, but less is known about how SDoH and gender intersect with OUD treatment trajectories. This study aims to identify social correlates of OUD treatment outcomes from five key areas of social determinants separately for men and women receiving buprenorphine for OUD.
This is a secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional survey with medical record review conducted with patients recruited from an office based opioid treatment clinic. Participants completed surveys between July-September 2019. A 6-month prospective medical record review was conducted to determine treatment retention, substance use recurrence, and buprenorphine continuation. Chi square, T-tests, and Mann Whitney U tested differences in social factors and OUD outcomes by gender. Gender-stratified multivariable logistic and negative binomial regressions assessed predictors of OUD outcomes.
Among study participants (n = 142), women were significantly younger (p < 0.001), more likely to live in a safe neighborhood (p = 0.046), and less likely to be employed (p = 0.005) or have substance use recurrence during the study period (p = 0.033) than men. For women, employment (AOR=0.19, p = 0.031) and education (AOR=0.08, p = 0.040) were negatively associated with treatment retention. For men, no social factors were associated with OUD outcomes.
SDoH may impact OUD treatment outcomes differently by gender. Addressing MOUD stigma and implementing patient-centered care strategies may facilitate OUD treatment continuation among employed women in recovery. Gender-related social factors should be considered in OUD treatment research.

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