The LOw-Dose Tolvaptan (7.5 mg) in Decompensated Heart Failure Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis (LOHAS) registry is a multicenter (7 centers) prospective registry that assessed the short-term effects of tolvaptan in subjects hospitalized for ADHF with severe AS. A total of 59 subjects were enrolled between September 2014 and December 2017. The primary endpoints were changes in body weight and fluid balance measured daily from baseline up to 4 days.
The median [interquartile range] patient age and aortic valve area were 85.0 [81.0-89.0] years and 0.58 [0.42-0.74] cm, respectively. Body weight continuously decreased, and fluid balance was maintained from baseline to day 4 (p < 0.001, p = 0.194, respectively). Median serum B-type natriuretic peptide concentration significantly decreased from 910.5 to 740.0 pg/mL by day 4 (p = 0.002). However, systolic blood pressure and heart rate were non-significantly changed (p = 0.250, p = 0.656, respectively). Hypernatremia (>150 mEq/L) and worsening renal function occurred in 2 (3.4%) and 4 (6.8%) patients, respectively.
Short-term treatment with low-dose tolvaptan is safe and effective, providing stable hemodynamic parameters in patients with ADHF and severe AS.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.