Approximately 7% of unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donors are asked to donate stem cells a subsequent time to the same or a different recipient. Recent studies have shown that donation-related symptoms for second donations are similar to those for the first donation. Little is known about differences in stem cell mobilization and yields for subsequent peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) and bone marrow (BM) collections. We hypothesized that CD34 cell yields and total nucleated cell (TNC) concentrations for subsequent PBSC or BM donations are lower than those at the first donation. We also evaluated the factors influencing stem cell yields in healthy unrelated second-time donors. Data were gathered from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database on 513 PBSC and 43 BM donors who donated a second time between 2006 and 2017 through the National Marrow Donor Program. Among the second-time PBSC donors, we found significantly lower preapheresis peripheral blood CD34 cell counts (68.6 × 10/L versus 73.9 × 10/L; P = .03), and collection yields (556 × 10 versus 608 × 10; P = .02) at the second donation compared to the first. This decrease at the subsequent donation was associated with a shorter interdonation interval, lower body mass index (BMI), and a lower total G-CSF dose. In most instances, suboptimal mobilizers at their first donation donated suboptimal numbers of stem cells at their subsequent donations. Among repeat BM donors, the TNC concentration was lower at the second donation. The small size of this group precluded additional analysis. Overall, when considering repeat donations, increasing the interdonation intervals and evaluating for BMI changes should be considered to optimize stem cell yields. Some of these parameters may be improved by increasing G-CSF dose in PBSC donors within permissible limits.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.