Combating bacteria while promoting tissue regeneration is an aim of highest priority for employing biomaterials in orthopedics that often embroiled with pre-operative contamination. Through simulating a surgical site infection environment and an infected implant site, we showcase the ability of a functionally modified hydroxyapatite, Ag,Si-HA that permits preferential adhesion of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) over co-cultured bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, by displaying immediate suppression and killing of the bacteria present with minimum cytotoxicity for 28 days. And, at the same time, Ag,Si-HA stimulates BMSCs towards osteogenic differentiation despite being within the contaminated milieu. These findings provide well-defined requirements for incorporating antibacterial properties to biomaterials in managing pre-operative contamination. In addition, it highlights the dual positive attributes of Ag,Si-HA as an effective antibacterial biomaterial and at the same time, promotes bone tissue regeneration.
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