Topically administered delivery systems for ophthalmic applications have been studied for the treatment of anterior or posterior eye diseases. However, simultaneous treatment of both anterior and posterior eye diseases has not been explored. In this study, we fabricated a topically administrable polymeric nanoparticle (NP)- based delivery system consisting of pluronic®F-68 shell and polycaprolactone core for the simultaneous treatment of both anterior and posterior eye diseases. These NPs were loaded with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) or triamcinolone acetonide (TA) separately. The drug loading in NPs was optimized to initially achieve a moderate burst release of PDTC followed by slow and sustained release of both PDTC and TA. The resultant delivery system was studied for its in vivo efficacy in a diabetic retinopathy (DR) and cataract rat model. The results demonstrated that administration of PDTC NPs + TA NPs minimized oxidative stress in lens as evidenced by reduced levels of protein carbonyls and malondialdehyde, and, ameliorated DR complications in retina as evidenced by reduced expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α along with a reduction in number of neovascular tufts and acellular capillaries. Therefore, delivery of PDTC and TA using PCL-PF68 NPs could be a useful approach for simultaneous treatment of diabetic cataract and DR.
Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.