One of the most common causes of postoperative morbidity is postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). Healthcare-associated infection is a subject of great concern in healthcare services. The goal of the present study is to estimate the relative effectiveness of skin preparation solution chlorhexidine scrub followed by povidone-iodine painting in the prevention of SSIs after caesarean delivery and abdominal gynecological surgery.
This is a 1-year randomized prospective research done at a tertiary care institution in western Rajasthan. Women who underwent caesarean and gynecological operations were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Enrolled patients were randomly assigned to have the surgical site painted with 10% povidone-iodine or a chlorhexidine-alcohol preparatory scrub followed by povidone-iodine paint. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention criteria, the outcomes were any SSI occurring within a week or during the 30-day follow-up period following the operation, including any superficial or deep SSI.
A total of 251 patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Group A (povidone-iodine paint) received 121 patients, whereas Group B (chlorhexidine scrub + povidone-iodine paint) received 129 cases. The overall SSI rate in the present study was 8.76%. The SSI rate was lower in Group B (chlorhexidine scrub + povidone-iodine paint) as compared to Group A (povidone-iodine paint only) (5.4% vs. 12.4%; p = 0.04).
This study highlighted that chlorhexidine-alcohol scrubbing followed by povidone-iodine painting provides superior skin antisepsis in comparison to povidone-iodine painting alone.

© 2021 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.