Shock is common in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest (OHCA). Shock severity can be classified using the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention (SCAI) Shock Classification. We aimed to examine the association of SCAI Shock Stage with in-hospital mortality and neurological outcome in comatose OHCA patients undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM).
This study included 213 comatose adult patients who underwent TTM after OHCA between January 2007 and December 2017. SCAI shock stage (A through E) was assigned using data from the first 24 hours, with shock defined as SCAI shock stage C/D/E. Good neurological outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) less than 3.
In-hospital mortality was higher in the 144 (67.6%) patients with shock (46.5% v. 23.2%, unadjusted OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.51-5.51, p = 0.001). After multivariable adjustment, each SCAI shock stage was incrementally associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR 1.80 per stage, 95% CI 1.20-2.71, p = 0.003). Good neurological outcome was less likely in patients with shock (31.9% vs. 53.6%, unadjusted OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.23-0.73, p = 0.002) and a higher SCAI shock stage was incrementally associated with a lower likelihood of good neurological outcome after multivariable adjustment (adjusted OR 0.67 per stage, 95% CI 0.48-0.93, p = 0.015).
Higher shock severity, defined using the SCAI Shock Classification, was associated with increased in-hospital mortality and a lower likelihood of good neurological outcome in OHCA patients treated with TTM.

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