Somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-targeted peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) represents a promising approach for treatment-refractory meningiomas. We performed an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis including all published meningioma patients treated with SSTR-targeted PRRT. Main outcomes were toxicity, response to treatment, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). We applied the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate survival probabilities and report incidence rates per 100 person-years. We applied Cox proportional hazards models to determine the effect of covariates. We screened 537 papers, and identified six eligible cohort studies. We included a total of 111 patients with treatment-refractory meningioma who received SSTR-targeted PRRT. Disease control was achieved in 63% of patients. Six-month PFS was 94%, 48% and 0% for WHO (World Health Organization)-I, -II, & -III, respectively. The risk of disease progression decreased by 13% per 1000 MBq increase in the total applied activity. One-year OS was 88%, 71%, and 52% for WHO-I, -II & -III, respectively. The risk of death decreased by 17% per 1000-MBq increase of the total applied activity. Main side effects comprised transient hematotoxicities such as anemia in 22%, leukopenia in 13%, lymphocytopenia in 24%, and thrombocytopenia in 17% of patients. This IPD meta-analysis represents the most comprehensive analysis of benefits and adverse events of SSTR-targeted PRRT for treatment-refractory meningioma. The treatment was well tolerated, achieved disease control in most cases, and showed promising PFS and OS.
Copyright © 2020 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.

References

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