Seventeen states do not provide Medicaid coverage for neonatal male circumcision, despite American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations supporting access for families that choose it. Our study objectives were to (1) compare state-specific trends in neonatal circumcision to previously established estimates and (2) assess the impact of changes in Medicaid coverage of the procedure.
The State Inpatient Databases were used to determine rates of neonatal male circumcision in 4 states (CO, FL, MI, and NY) at 4 time points (2001, 2006, 2011, 2016). Neonatal circumcision was defunded by Medicaid in Florida (2003) and Colorado (2011). A multivariable logistic regression model was created to assess associations between patient and state characteristics and odds of neonatal circumcision.
Overall, 54.5% of neonates underwent circumcision. States where Medicaid defunded neonatal circumcision revealed a decrease in circumcision rates in subsequent years (47.4% to 37.5% in FL; 61.9% to 52.0% in CO). Neonates with private insurance had higher odds of circumcision compared with those with public insurance (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.23; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.21-2.25). When Medicaid coverage was available, Black neonates had higher odds of circumcision compared with white neonates (aOR 1.44; 95% CI 1.42-1.46). When Medicaid coverage was not available, Black neonates had lower odds compared with white neonates (aOR 0.40; 95% CI 0.39-0.41).
State-specific data reveal trends in neonatal circumcision similar to previous national estimates. Colorado and Florida revealed 20.9% and 16.0% reductions in neonatal circumcision rates, respectively, after defunding. Black neonates appeared to be disproportionately affected by changes in Medicaid coverage.

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