Indoxyl sulfate (IS) belongs to groups of uremic toxins binding to proteins. This compound may contribute to the generation of oxidative stress in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We hypothesized that a high concentration of IS in the blood may induce structural changes of erythrocyte components and thus may contribute to CKD progression. In the present study, we evaluated the influence of IS on hemolysate and membrane proteins’ conformational state, lipid membrane fluidity, and internal viscosity in erythrocytes. We examined thiols, carbonyl groups, peroxides, and TBARS levels in erythrocyte incubated with IS. The treatment of erythrocytes with IS led to increase in lipid membrane fluidity, decrease in the internal viscosity of the cells and the motion of the spin labels attached to hemolysate proteins. We did not observe conformational changes in plasma membrane proteins; however, in the plasma membranes of erythrocytes incubated with IS, a decrease in the content of thiol groups and increase in the carbonyls levels and peroxides and TBARS in comparison with the control was observed. The obtained results indicate that IS induces the oxidative damage of erythrocyte components. This may be an important factor that affects the functional properties of erythrocytes in CKD patients.Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.