Sun-exposure can cause health problems, including melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer, especially in Australia where the incidence of skin cancer is particularly high. Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) have an augmented risk due to previous cancer history and treatment. Despite recommendations advising sun protection, CCSs may be placing themselves at risk. We considered daily summer sun-exposure in an Australian cohort of CCSs and in community reference groups, and identified factors associated with sun-exposure in these populations.
Summer sun-exposure data were collected on 471 CCSs (119 parents of survivors aged <16, and 352 survivors aged ≥16) and a reference group of 470 participants from the community (155 parents of children aged <16, and 355 adults aged ≥16). Survivors completed paper questionnaires and the reference groups completed an online survey. Medical records confirmed survivors' clinical information. Ordinal logistic regressions identified factors associated with daily summer sun-exposure.
More daily summer sun-exposure was reported by both parents reporting for the young survivors (U = 5,522.5, P < .001; U = 31,412, P < .001) and by older survivors (U = 5,039.5, P < .001; U = 29,913, P < .001). Among younger participants greater sun-exposure was associated with being a CCS, while in older participants, greater sun-exposure was associated with being a CCS, a male, smoker/ex-smoker and was also increased in those with more sensitive skin reaction to sunlight. Focusing only on the CCSs, when treatments were considered, none statistically predicted sun-exposure in young CCSs while older CCSs who received radiotherapy were less likely to spend excess time in the sun.
CCSs have sun-exposure at times of day when sun-related skin damage is highest, despite advice to avoid highest risk times. This data can inform sun-protection programs and lifestyle advice aimed at ameliorating the potential increased risk of skin cancer in CCSs.

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