Traumatic brain injury is a silent epidemic with major impacts on national productivity as it affects the economically productive age group. Bilateral injuries are usually severe with no clearly defined predictors of outcome as per current available literature.
We retrospectively assessed 102 consecutive cases of post traumatic intracranial mass lesions operated bilaterally, either simultaneously or sequentially, between January 2011 and April 2019. The primary and secondary end points of the study were to assess mortality and GCS at discharge respectively.
The cohort included 102 patients. 91(89.2 %) were males, mean age was 40(±13.6) years. Median GCS at presentation was 9 with 47(46.07 %) having moderate head injury. EDH with contusion was seen in 38(37.3 %), SDH with contusion in 24(23.5 %) and 4 patients (3.9 %) had EDH, SDH and contusion. On univariate analysis, female gender(p = 0.001), poor GCS at presentation(p < 0.001), higher Rotterdam grade on initial CT scan(p < 0.001), need for blood transfusions(p = 0.026) and intraoperative hypotension(p = 0.007) were associated with significantly higher mortality. On multivariate analysis female gender(p = 0.034), poor GCS(p = 0.026) and worse Rotterdam score(p = 0.038) were associated with mortality. Among the subgroup of survivors, GCS at presentation(p < 0.001), Rotterdam grading(p = 0.003), time to surgery after trauma(p = 0.032), duration of hospital stay(<0.001), intraoperative brain bulge(p=.003) and craniotomy instead of craniectomy(p = 0.001) were associated with clinical outcome at discharge.
Traumatic brain injuries with bilateral mass lesions requiring surgery have been rarely reported. In this study we have elucidated management strategies and have further studied the factors influencing mortality and clinical outcome. Careful considerations are required in decision making in such cases. Larger multicentric studies would throw more light on outcomes of this rare variety of traumatic brain injury.

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References

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