Surgical resection is widely employed as a potential curative treatment option for patients with limited lung metastases originating from a wide range of primary tumours. However, there are no clear national or international practice guidelines and, thereby, the risk for potential practice variation exists. This study aims to define the current practice for the surgical treatment of pulmonary metastases in the Netherlands by using data from the Dutch Lung Cancer Audit for Surgery (DLCA-S).
Data from the DLCA-S were used to analyse patients undergoing a parenchymal lung resection for the treatment of pulmonary metastases between 2012 and 2017. Volume of metastasectomies per hospital was calculated as a proportion of the volume of primary lung cancer resection. Studied outcomes were overall complications and postoperative mortality and complicated course. For the latter, both the national average and between-hospital variation were calculated.
A total of 2090 patients, distributed over 45 Dutch hospitals, were included for analysis. The most common primary cancer was colorectal carcinoma (N = 1087, 52.0%) followed by the urogenital carcinoma (N = 296, 14.2%). The most common type of parenchymal resection was a wedge resection (N = 1477, 70.7%) followed by a lobectomy (N = 424, 20.3%). Resection was performed minimally invasively in 1548 patients (74.1%) with a conversion rate of 3.8%. Resection of a solitary metastasis was performed in 1663 patients (79.6%). In 40 patients (1.9%), 4 or more metastases were resected. A postoperative complicated course was noted in 3.6%, and the 30-day mortality rate was 0.7%. The variety between hospitals in the volume of metastasectomies in proportion to the volume of primary lung cancer resections was 3.4-41.5%.
This analysis of the DLCA-S registry provides a unique insight into current practice on pulmonary metastasectomies in the Netherlands over a 6-year period. The rate of postoperative adverse outcome was limited, and the morbidity and mortality were lower compared to primary lung cancer resections in the DLCA-S database.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.