To study the clinical features of children with recurrent medulloblastoma (MB) and treatment regimens.
A retrospective analysis was performed on 101 children with recurrent MB who were admitted to the hospital from August 1, 2011 to July 31, 2017. The children were followed up to July 31, 2020. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The Cox regression model was used for multivariate regression analysis.
Of the 101 children, 95 underwent remission induction therapy, among whom 51 had response, resulting in a response rate of 54%. The median overall survival (OS) time after recurrence was 13 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 50.5%±5.0%, 19.8%±4.0%, and 10%±3.3% respectively. There was no significant difference in the 5-year OS rate between the children with different ages (< 3 years or 3-18 years), sexes, pathological types, or Change stages, between the children with or without radiotherapy before recurrence or re-irradiation after recurrence, and between the children with different times to recurrence ( 0.05). There were significant differences in the 5-year OS rate between the children with or without reoperation after recurrence and between the children with different recurrence sites ( < 0.05). The children with reoperation after recurrence had a significantly longer survival time than those without reoperation (=0.007), and the risk of death in children undergoing reoperation after recurrence was 0.389 times (95% confidence interval:0.196-0.774) that in children who did not undergo such reoperation.
As for the recurrence of MB, although remission induction therapy again can achieve remission, such children still have a short survival time. Only reoperation can significantly prolong survival time, and therefore, early reoperation can be considered to improve the outcome of children with recurrent MB.