MALT lymphoma occurs in various organs and has several characteristic genetic aberrations. Thyroid MALT lymphoma has been reported to include t(3;14)(p14.1;q32)/FOXP1-IGH as a specific genetic aberration, but the number of studies is limited.
We examined 86 thyroid lymphoma cases using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the detection of t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH in formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue (FFPE). Histopathological diagnoses of the analyzed specimen were as follows: thyroid MALT lymphoma (n = 59), DLBCL (n = 23), follicular lymphoma (n = 4), and benign lesions (n = 14) included Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (n = 13) and other (n = 1). Of the 100 analyzed cases, thirty-six (36 %) thyroid lymphoma cases were positive for t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH. Thirty-three (55.9 %) of the 59 MALT lymphoma cases were positive for t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH. Three (13.0 %) of the 23 DLBCL cases were positive for t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH. All 4 follicular lymphomas examined were negative for t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH. None of the benign cases was positive for t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH, including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (0/13) and benign tissue (0/1).
Our study found that t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH was frequently found in thyroid MALT lymphoma. A detection of t(3;14)/FOXP1-IGH is extremely useful for the differential diagnosis between primary MALT lymphoma of the thyroid and other thyroid disorders.

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