The use of chemotherapy against brain tumors faces various limitations to achieving its therapeutic effect, due to both the inability of anticancer agents to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the formation of brain cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Without adequate exposure, these chemotherapeutic drugs cannot have an antiproliferative effect on the tumors. Here, we developed curcumin (CCM)-loaded chitosan-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) modified with sialic acid (SA) to permeate the BBB and with anti-aldehyde dehydrogenase (anti-ALDH) to target BCSCs. An increased chitosan concentration plays a pivotal role in maintaining a steady release of CCM from NPs. The viability of BBB cells and transendothelial electrical resistance were maintained after treatment with NPs for 4 h. Immunochemical staining of human brain microvascular endothelial cells confirmed that modification of SA on the surface of NPs greatly helped in permeation of the BBB through the use of N-acetylglucosamine. In addition, immunofluorescence images evidenced the assistance of anti-ALDH in inhibiting U87MG cells and BCSCs through targeting ALDH. ALDH was colocalized with CD44 in U87MG cells and BCSCs. The cell viability assay of U87MG cells and BCSCs supported the high level of inhibition after treatment with anti-ALDH-modified NPs. The drug delivery system in this study was designed in such a way to deliver CCM into the brain and subsequently inhibit the proliferation of glioblastoma cells and BCSCs.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Relapsing and Progressive Complications of Severe Hypertriglyceridemia: Effective Long-Term Treatment with Double Filtration Plasmapheresis.
March 20, 2020
Esthetic Occipital Augmentation With Computer-Aided Design-Computer-Aided Manufacturing Prefabricated Customized Polymethyl Methacrylate Implant: Comparison of Planned and Final Results.
April 12, 2020
August 20, 2020
August 17, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.
- AAN 2020Due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, the American Academy of Neurology had to cancel the AAN’s Annual Meeting originally scheduled for April 25–May 1, 2020, in Toronto.