To analyse the tear cytokine levels of patients diagnosed with ocular chronic graft-versus-host disease(GVHD)and examine the consistency of these levels with different ocular surface parameters.
23 ocular chronic GVHD patients were selected for the assessment of tear cytokine levels and ocular surface parameters (TBUT, CFS, OSDI, and Schirmer’s test), and 16 dry eye disease(DED)patients without systemic immune disease were selected as the control group. The 23 cytokines were measured using microsphere-based immunoassay analysis and their consistency with different ocular surface parameters was studied.
ICAM-1, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 showed elevated levels in the eyes of oGVHD patients compared to DED [P<0.001]. IL-7 and EGF showed lower levels in the eyes of patients with oGVHD than in those of patients with DED [P<0.0001]. Furthermore, the levels of IL-6 and IL-8 showed a stronger correlation with corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) (P<0.05), and the levels of IL-6 and ICAM-1 were most consistent with fluorescein tear film break-up time (TBUT) (P<0.05).
Our study demonstrated certain tear cytokines, including ICAM-1, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 IL-7 and EGF, as promising new possible diagnostic markers of chronic oGVHD and criteria for chronic ocular GVHD severity. Because tear sampling is noninvasive and simple, this method is expected to be an overwhelming applicable for the screening and diagnosis of chronic GVHD.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.