To assess the severity of dry eye disease in patients with blepharospasm (BEB) before (control) and after injection of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A).
Cross-sectional study.
Patients with clinically diagnosed BEB and no known history of dry eye syndrome prior to the onset of the disease, before (controls) or after injection with one of the three available types of BoNT/A: onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox®; Allergan, Irvine, CA, USA), abobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®; Beaufour Ipsen Pharma SAS, Paris, France) or incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin®; Merz Pharma GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany) every 3 months. Tear osmolarity and Schirmer’s I-test were measured at the first visit for non-treated BEB patients as controls and 3 months after BoNT/A injection.
The study consisted of 101 BEB patients (86 females, 15 males) with a mean age of 67 years (range 30-86 years). Seventeen patients were untreated, 26 treated with onabotulinumtoxinA, 23 treated with abobotulinumtoxinA and 35 treated with incobotulinumtoxinA. Post-injection mean tear osmolarity was not significantly higher among patients treated with onabotulinumtoxinA, abobotulinumtoxinA, or incobotulinumtoxinA (P=0.65, P=0.92, and P=0.15, respectively), compared to controls, remaining less than 308 mosm/mL. Mean Schirmer’s I-test results remained under 5mm and did not vary between the four groups.
The results clearly demonstrate that reduced tear secretion appears to be present in BEB patients even prior to treatment. This decreased lacrimal secretion was not correlated with hyperosmolarity. Clinicians should proactively treat dry eye syndrome in conjunction with management of the blepharospasm.

Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.