One promising biomarker that has received substantial interest for the evaluation of suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is copeptin. Therefore, our goal was to assess the additive value of copeptin for early diagnosis and prognosis of Non-ST segment acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS).
The study included ninety patients with suspected ACS. Patients with typical ischemic chest pain within six hours of symptom onset and without ST-segment elevation on electrocardiograph (ECG) were included. In addition to cardiac troponin I (cTnI), copeptin was assayed from venous blood samples obtained on admission, followed by serial troponin measurements six and twelve hours later. One year follow-up was performed for any major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) including cardiac death, re-infarction, re- hospitalization for ischemic events, heart failure, stroke and target lesion revascularization (TLR).
Of seventy nine patients included in the final analysis, Forty (50.6%) were diagnosed as unstable angina (UA), while thirty nine (49.4%) had a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Copeptin level on admission was significantly higher among NSTEMI patients than those with UA. With regard to the correlation analyses, copeptin was positively correlated with each of, Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE), Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) scores. The sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of the combination of admission copeptin and cTn-I were 100% and 100%, respectively, versus 57% and 70%, respectively, with admission of cTn-I alone. The area under curve (AUC) of the combination of copeptin and cTn-I was (0.975, p < 0.001) and was significantly higher than the AUC of cTn-I alone (0.888, p < 0.001). Admission copeptin was an independent predictor for MACEs by multiple regression analysis (OR: 0.01, 95% CI: 0.0-0.8, P = 0.04). High values of copeptin had the highest rate of MACEs and coronary revascularization during one year of follow up.
The combination of copeptin and conventional troponin I aids in early rule out of NSTEMI virtually independent of chest pain onset (CPO) with high NPV in patients presenting within three hours from chest pain onset with excellent prognostic value for risk stratification and prediction of MACEs.

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