Bladder dysfunction is the most common autonomic disturbance in people with MS (PwMS). Only a few studies have examined the relationship between bladder dysfunction and falls in PwMS. Bladder dysfunction has been deemed only a secondary outcome measure, and classified by a gross measure providing a limited perspective of this disturbing symptom. Furthermore, no study to date has focused on the relationship between bladder dysfunction and balance performance in PwMS.
Determine the relationship between bladder dysfunction with balance, falls and fear of falling in women with MS.
The study was observational, including 44 women with MS, mean age 46.3 (SD = 5.7), all with at least a mild bladder dysfunction. Outcome measures included the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QoL), Bladder Control Scale (BLCS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Four Square Step Test (FSST), Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I), Falls status, and posturography.
Participants performed the TUG in 14.1 s (S.D. = 11.1), and the FSST in 20.5 s (S.D. = 22.4). A relatively large proportion (68.2 %) of women was classified as fallers. However, no differences were found between those classified as fallers (n = 30) or non-fallers (n = 14) in terms of the I-QoL and the BLCS, controlling for age, EDSS and number of vaginal deliveries. Significant correlations scores were found between the I-QoL, BLCS and FES-I (rho ∼0.47), while controlling for age, EDSS and number of vaginal deliveries. No associations were demonstrated between the bladder dysfunction outcome scores and either the TUG and/or FSST.
Women afflicted with MS and suffering from bladder dysfunction tend to fall and present with more balance difficulties compared with disability-matched PwMS. Nevertheless, once bladder dysfunction is detected, the perceived severity of the condition is not associated with balance and prevalence of falling, but rather on fear of falling.

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