This study intended to investigate the association between ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1143623, rs12692386, rs1799983, rs2297518, rs2910164, rs3129859, rs4251961, rs4846085, rs641738, rs873457) with susceptibility and prognosis of hepatitis B related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) .
This is a hospital-based case-control study included 274 patients with HBV-ACLF and 534 patients with chronic hepatitis B. The patients who were successfully followed were divided into the survival group and the death group according to the clinical outcome during the hospitalization and 90 days after discharge. The ten SNPs were genotyped in all subjects by using imLDR. Genotype, allele frequency, dominant model, recessive model and codominant model were constructed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms with susceptibility and prognosis of HBV-ACLF.
The genotype distribution of rs1143623 was statistically different between the two groups (P = 0.04), but the allele frequency was not statistically significant (P = 0.44). GC and GG + CG genotypes at rs1143623 reduced the risk of HBV-ACLF. There were only two GG and GT genotypes in rs1799983 in our study, and the genotype and allele frequency were statistically different between the death group and the survival group (P = 0.027, P = 0.023). Patients with T allele may reduce the risk of death in patients with HBV-ACLF. The genotype and allele frequency of rs2297518 showed no significant difference. In dominant models, patients with GA + AA genotypes at rs2297518 had a reduced risk of death.

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