The purpose of this study was to investigate whether opioid use disorder (OUD) patients are at greater odds than non-opioid use disorder (NUD) patients in developing (1) thromboembolic complications; (2) readmission rates; and (3) costs of care.
All patients with a 90-day history of OUD before total hip arthroplasty (THA) were identified from a national database. Patients were matched 1:5 to controls by age, gender, Elixhauser Comorbidity Index scores, and high-risk medical comorbidities, yielding 38,821 patients with (n = 6398) and without (n = 31,883) OUD. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to compare the risks of developing venous thromboembolism (deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism) 90 days after the index procedure, 90-day readmission rates, and total global 90-day episode of care costs.
Patients with a history of OUD were found to be at greater risk for 90-day venous thromboembolisms (2.38 vs. 1.07%; OR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.86-2.73, P < .0001) compared with matched NUD patients. Specifically, OUD patients were at greater risk for both deep vein thromboses (2.13 vs. 0.87%; OR: 2.46, 95% CI: 2.00-3.03, P < .001) and pulmonary embolism (0.61 vs. 0.27%; OR: 2.24, 95% CI: 1.53-3.27, P < .0001). In addition, patients with OUD were at an increased risk for 90-day readmission (28.68 vs. 22.62%; OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.29-1.46, P < .0001) compared with controls. Primary THA patients with OUD incurred a 14.72% higher cost of care ($20,610.65 vs. $17,964.58) compared with NUD patients.
These findings demonstrate that primary THA patients with a history of OUD are at greater risks for thromboembolic complications, readmissions, and higher costs of care in the 90-day postoperative period.

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