Serum samples were collected from patients with fractures and healthy controls. Serum miR-211 expression was detected by quantitative PCR. MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with a transforming growth factor (TGF)-β inhibitor and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. The viability of MC3T3-E1 cells was detected by the MTT assay, and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Caspase-3/9 activity and the protein expression of TGF-β, PI3K, and p-Akt were detected by western blot and immunoprecipitation.
In the fracture group, miRNA-211 expression was significantly up-regulated compared with controls. We used miRNA-211 mimics to up-regulate miRNA-211 expression, and observed inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity. miRNA-211 up-regulation also suppressed the expression of TGF-β, PI3K, and p-Akt proteins. Conversely, miRNA-211 down-regulation increased cell viability and reduced apoptosis and LDH activity, as well as inducing the expression of TGF-β, PI3K, and p-Akt. Inhibiting TGF-β decreased the effect of anti-miRNA-211 on osteocyte apoptosis.
Our data indicate that miRNA-211 functions via the TGF-β/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in patients with fractures.