To investigate the impact of a holistic review of urology residency applications on interview selection at our institution during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In the 2019-2020 cycle, applicants were filtered by a Step 1 score of 230 and whether they applied from selected east coast medical schools. For the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 cycles, we implemented a scoring system which focused on desirable attributes based on our program training needs and resources. We compared applicant and interviewee demographics and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores using descriptive statistics and one-way Analysis of Variance tests.
A total of 282, 300, and 367 students applied to our residency program with 50, 45, and 52 selected for interviews during the 2019-2020, 2020-2021, and 2021-2022 cycles, respectively. Compared to 2019-2020, the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 interviewee cohorts comprised of more non-tri-state applicants (36%, 55.6%, 46.2%, respectively). Underrepresented minority representation increased for the 2020-2021 interviewee cohort; however, this was not observed in 2021-2022 (16%, 24.4%, 15.4%, respectively). Additionally, USMLE Step 1 and 2 scores were similar between interviewee cohorts in 2019-2020, 2020-2021 and 2021-2022, respectively (Step 1: 244.2 ± 8.8, 242 ± 12.1, 242.8 ± 12.4, p = 0.624) (Step 2: 249.1 ± 11.5, 251.5 ± 10.5, 254.4 ± 10.8, p = 0.143).
Utilizing a comprehensive review resulted in a geographically diverse interview pool and no significant difference in academic performance amongst interviewees. Holistic review provides an alternative, balanced evaluation of residency applicants which may increase diversity in urology.

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