In addition to neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH), patients with synucleinopathies frequently have hypertension when supine. The long-term consequences of both abnormalities are difficult to disentangle. We aimed to determine if supine hypertension is associated with target organ damage and worse survival in patients with nOH.
Patients with nOH due to multiple system atrophy (MSA), Parkinson disease (PD), or pure autonomic failure (PAF) were classified into those with or without supine hypertension (systolic BP of at least 140 mmHg or diastolic BP of at least 90 mmHg). Organ damage was assessed by measuring cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and renal function. We prospectively followed patients for 30 months (range: 12-66 months) and recorded incident cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality.
Fifty-seven patients (35 with probable MSA, 14 with PD and 8 with PAF) completed all evaluations. In addition to nOH (average fall 35 ± 21/17 ± 14 mmHg, systolic/diastolic, mean ± SD), 38 patients (67%) had supine hypertension (systolic BP > 140 mmHg). Compared to those without hypertension, patients with hypertension had higher blood urea nitrogen levels (P = 0.005), lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.008), higher prevalence of LVH (P = 0.040), and higher WMH volume (P = 0.019). Longitudinal follow-up of patients for over 2 years (27.1 ± 14.5 months) showed that supine hypertension was independently associated with earlier incidence of cardiovascular events and death (HR = 0.25; P = 0.039).
Supine hypertension in patients with nOH was associated with an increased risk for target organ damage, cardiovascular events, and premature death. Defining management strategies and safe blood pressure ranges in patients with nOH remains an important research question.
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