Our goal was to examine differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes following the transition from a private practice to an academic model at a community hospital.
This is a retrospective cohort study of a high-volume community hospital labor and delivery unit. A private practice hospitalist group was replaced with academic hospitalists. Maternal and neonatal outcomes for patients cared for by these groups were compared. The primary outcome was a composite of maternal morbidity that included blood transfusion, anal sphincter injuries, dilation and curettage, hysterectomy, chorioamnionitis, endometritis, wound infection, intensive care unit admission, and readmission. The secondary outcomes were cesarean delivery rate and a composite of neonatal morbidity that included Apgar score ≤3 at 5 min, shoulder dystocia, birth trauma, seizure, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, or mechanical ventilation.
245 patients were delivered by private physicians and 447 by academic physicians over the study period. No difference in the composite maternal morbidity between private and academic hospitalist groups was identified (21 vs. 25%; aOR 1.37, 95% CI: 0.36-5.21). The academic hospitalist group had a higher cesarean delivery rate compared to the private group (25 vs. 18%; aOR 2.03, 95% CI: 1.17-3.53). There was no difference in a composite neonatal morbidity (9 vs. 8%; aOR 0.92, 95% CI: 0.052-1.63).
Women cared for by academic hospitalists were more likely to have a cesarean delivery, but there was no difference in maternal or neonatal morbidity in patients delivered by private or academic hospitalists.

© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.