In our previous study, we observed that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may induce a compensatory increase in MAPK or JNK signaling. Here, we tested the effects of the MEK inhibitors PD0325901 and GSK1120212, ERK1/2 inhibitor GDC-0994, and the JNK inhibitor AS602801 alone and in combination with the AR inhibitor enzalutamide (ENZ) in androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells and androgen-resistant C4-2 and 22Rv1 cells. Enzalutamide combined with AS602801 synergistically killed LNCaP, C4-2, and 22Rv1 cells, and decreased migration and invasion of LNCaP and C4-2 cells. We studied the combination of enzalutamide with AS602801 in vivo using luciferase labeled LNCaP xenografts, and observed that combination of ENZ with AS602801 significantly suppressed tumor growth compared with either drug alone. Importantly, combination therapy resulted in dramatic loss of AR mRNA and protein. Surprisingly, mechanistic studies and Nanostring data suggest that AS602801 likely activates JNK signaling to induce apoptosis. Since AS602801 had sufficient safety and toxicity profile to advance from Phase I to Phase II in clinical trials, repurposing of this compound may represent an opportunity for rapid translation for clinical therapy of CRPC patients.Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
March 15, 2011
Emergence of a Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Protocol for Extending Surveillance Used by the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre and Public Health England.
April 3, 2020
- ASCO – Lung CancerASCO.20 Virtual Scientific Program, held May 29 - 31, brought professionals from all over the world together to hear the brightest minds in oncology present state-of-the-art treatment modalities and new therapies.
- AACR-2020The American Association for Cancer Research is the world's oldest and largest professional association related to cancer research.
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ASCO 2019The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, taking place May 31-June 4 in Chicago, will bring together more than 32,000 oncology professionals from across the globe. The theme of this year’s conference is Caring for Every Patient, Learning From Every Patient.