This study aims to better characterize the metabolic effects of antipsychotics in the early stage of treatment in first-episode patients with schizophrenia.
We performed a retrospective real-world study in a naturalistic setting that included inpatients with first-episode drug-naïve schizophrenia; metabolic profiles were measured at baseline and 2 weeks and 4 weeks after antipsychotic treatment. The metabolic profiles of medicated patients with first-episode schizophrenia were also included.
Insulin resistance, based on the ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C), increased significantly after 2 weeks of antipsychotic treatment, whereas fasting glucose (FG) decreased significantly. Regarding lipid metabolism, triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (CHOL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) increased significantly after 2 weeks of antipsychotic treatment; however, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) decreased significantly after 4 weeks of antipsychotic treatment. There were no statistically significant differences between the antipsychotic groups in any of the metabolic parameters evaluated.
Our study revealed that insulin resistance and lipid metabolic abnormalities occurred as early as two weeks after the initiation of antipsychotic treatment. Our findings suggest that metabolic profiles should been monitored in the early stage of antipsychotics treatment in clinical practice. Further research is needed to explore the underlying mechanisms of the short-term effects of antipsychotics on metabolic parameters.

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References

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