Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is an aggressive liver carcinoma with increasing incidence and mortality. A good auxiliary prognostic prediction tool is desperately needed for the development of treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to explore the prognostic value of the radiomics nomogram based on enhanced CT in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
In this retrospective study, 101 patients with pathological confirmation of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were recruited. A radiomics nomogram was developed by radiomics score and independent clinical risk factors selecting from multivariate Cox regression. All patients were stratified as high risk and low risk by a nomogram. Model performance and clinical usefulness were assessed by calibration curve, ROC curve, and survival curve.
A total of 101patients (mean age, 58.2 years old; range 36-79 years old) were included in the study. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival rates were 49.5%, 26.6%, and 14.4%, respectively, with a median survival time of 12.2 months in the whole set. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method selected 3 features. Multivariate Cox analysis found three independent prognostic factors. The radiomics nomogram showed a significant prognosis value with overall survival. There was a significant difference in the 1-year and 3-year survival rates of stratified high-risk and low-risk patients in the whole set (30.4% vs. 56.4% and 13.0% vs. 30.6%, respectively, p = 0.018).
This radiomics nomogram has potential application value in the preoperative prognostic prediction of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and may facilitate in clinical decision-making.

© 2021. The Author(s).