Many studies on the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) were based on symptoms, but there are few research on it using reflux monitoring. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between GERD and LPR based on pH monitoring.
All patients were scheduled for esophageal manometry and pH monitoring sequentially. They were stratified into 4 groups as no reflux disease, isolated GERD, isolated LPR (iLPR), and GERD combined with LPR (GERD&LPR) according to pH monitoring.
The incidence of LPR in GERD was 46.3%, while the probability of combining GERD in LPR was 52.7%. The reflux profile in the laryngopharynx showed a significant difference in the total reflux time (17.82 ± 18.4 vs 9.62 ± 9.58, = .023) and the percentage of total reflux time (1.31% ± 1.37% vs 0.71% ± .0.73%, = .023) between the GERD&LPR and iLPR groups.
Laryngopharyngeal reflux can be combined with GERD or it can exist as an independent diagnosis. In patients with GERD&LPR, the total reflux time and the percentage of reflux time in the laryngopharynx are higher than those in the iLPR group. Reflux episodes in the laryngopharynx of patients with GERD&LPR may be derived from GERD.