We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 30 patients diagnosed with PD based on published criteria who completed a systematized lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) questionnaire and a urodynamics examination irrespective of the presence of LUTS. None of the patients were taking anti-parkinsonian medication during the study.
The questionnaire revealed that all 30 patients had LUTS: night-time urinary frequency (in 70%), urinary incontinence (40%), and daytime urinary frequency (80%). A urodynamic study revealed a mean volume at the first sensation at 92.3 ml, bladder capacity at 200.9 ml, and detrusor overactivity in 50%. Sphincter electromyography revealed neurogenic change in 13.6% of those for whom the test was performed. The average SBR showed a significant correlation with bladder capacity (Spearman’s correlation coefficient p = 0.0076) and Hoehn Yahr motor stage (Spearman’s correlation coefficient p = 0.012).
Our findings demonstrate that the striatum is relevant to the higher control of storage in micturition function in PD.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.