Lysobacter spp. are common bacterial inhabitants of the rhizosphere of diverse plant species. However, the impact of the rhizosphere conditions on their physiology is still relatively understudied. To provide clues on the behaviour of Lysobacter spp. in this ecological niche, we investigated the physiology of L. capsici AZ78 (AZ78), a biocontrol strain isolated from tobacco rhizosphere, on a common synthetic growth medium (LBA) and on a growth medium containing components of the plant rhizosphere (RMA). The presence of a halo surrounding the AZ78 colony on RMA was a first visible effect related to differences in growth medium composition and it corresponded to the formation of a large outer ring. The lower quantity of nutrients available in RMA as compared with LBA was associated to a higher expression of a gene encoding cAMP-receptor-like protein (Clp), responsible for cell motility and biofilm formation regulation. AZ78 cells on RMA were motile, equipped with cell surface appendages and organised in small groups embedded in a dense layer of fibrils. Metabolic profiling by mass spectrometry imaging revealed increased diversity of analytes produced by AZ78 on RMA as compared with LBA. In particular, putative cyclic lipodepsipeptides, polycyclic tetramate macrolactams, cyclic macrolactams and other putative secondary metabolites with antibiotic activity were identified. Overall, the results obtained in this study shed a light on AZ78 potential to thrive in the rhizosphere by its ability to move, form biofilm and release secondary metabolites.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.