The role of cardiac testing in the 3 zones (rule-out, observation, and rule-in) of the 0/1-hour algorithm to evaluate for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been well-studied. This study evaluated the 0/1-hour algorithm with a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTnI) assay and investigated cardiac testing in the 3 zones.
Patients (n = 552) at a single urban center were enrolled if they were evaluated for AMI. Blood samples were obtained at presentation, 1 hour, and 3 hours for hs-cTnI. Follow-up at 30-45 days for death/AMI was done. The results of echocardiograms, stress testing, and coronary angiography were recorded.
In total, 45 (8.2%) had AMI (27 Type 1 and 18 Type 2) during the index hospitalization while at follow-up death/AMI occurred in 11 (2.0%) of patients. The rule-out algorithm had a negative predictive value for AMI of 99.6% while the rule-in zone had a positive predictive value of 56.6%. The MACE rate at follow-up was 0.4% for those in the rule-out group. There were 6/95 (6.3%) abnormal stress tests in the rule-out zone and 4 of these were false positives.
The 0/1-hour algorithm had high diagnostic sensitivity and negative predictive value for AMI, and adverse events were very low in patients in the rule-out zone. Noninvasive testing in rule-out zone patients had low diagnostic yield.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.