To evaluate the significance of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in female breast cancer patients with T1-2N1M0 disease according to molecular subtypes and other risk factors.
We conducted a retrospective cohort-based study utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Patients who were diagnosed with T1-2N1M0 invasive breast cancer and received mastectomy between 2010 and 2014 were enrolled in our study. Overall survival (OS) was calculated with Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariant Cox hazard model was conducted to identify the impact of PMRT according to molecular subtypes and other risk factors. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to balance measurable confounders.
Of all the 16,521 enrolled patients, 5775 (35.0%) cases received PMRT. The distribution of molecular subtype is 71.4% for Luminal A, 13.2% for Luminal B, 5.1% for HER2 enriched, and 10.3% for TNBC. The OS was significantly better for patients in PMRT group than the Non-PMRT group (P < 0.0001). Stratified by molecular subtype, PMRT significantly prolonged survival in Luminal A patients (HR: 0.759, 95% CI: 0.651-0.884, P < 0.001), Yet it brought no significant survival advantage in Luminal B, TNBC or HER2 enriched subtype (P = 0.914, P = 0.124, P = 0.103, respectively). Also, PMRT bore prognostic significance among those patients who were older than 56 years old, single, white, exempt from reconstruction and chemotherapy, and were with ductal, GradeⅡtumor (all P < 0.05). After PSM, the survival benefit of PRMT sustained in Luminal A patients with T1 tumor concomitant with one positive lymph node.
Our study demonstrates a beneficial impact for PMRT on overall survival among Luminal A subtype breast cancer patients with T1-2N1 disease. The selection of PMRT should be stratified by molecular subtype and other risk factors.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.