In the management of scaphoid fractures, nonunion is an important complication that can lead to carpal instability and early-onset arthritis. Various techniques have been described to treat scaphoid nonunions, yet a clear consensus on the superiority of one method is not yet established. The use of compression staple fixation has been described in the literature and may be a viable alternative to other fixation techniques. Volar Nitinol staple fixation avoids damage to the trapezium during retrograde fixation with a screw. It also avoids damage to the proximal dorsal cartilage, which occurs during anterograde screw fixation. Because of its shape and position on the volar aspect of the scaphoid, staple fixation provides compression, prevents graft extrusion, and avoids taking up space in the medullary canal of the scaphoid. Moreover, it may be technically easier than screw fixation. Despite these advantages, this technique has not been widely adopted. We describe the technique for utilizing Nitinol compression staples and bone grafting in the treatment of scaphoid nonunion.

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PubMed