The most prevalent type of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), which is obstructive, is the main cause of evaporative dry eye and is characterized by changes in the meibum composition and duct obstruction. Eyelid hygiene has usually been the most common clinical approach. However, alternative therapies for MGD are emerging on the market. Some warming and humidity devices have led to an improvement in the signs and symptoms in MGD patients. Likewise, eyelid massaging and cleaning devices are also beneficial for ocular signs and symptoms; however, patients usually need more than one session to maintain the therapeutic effect. Thermal pulsation has been reported to be more efficient than other strategies, and the effects can last up to 12 months. Moreover, intense pulsed light therapy has been demonstrated to improve ocular signs and symptoms alone and in combination with other therapies. Proper counseling of clinicians considering MGD status and patient compliance will help patients to undergo the adequate technique that best suits their condition.

References

PubMed