There is a lack of information on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction outcomes and complications for patients with congenital hypocoagulable conditions. The specific aim of this retrospective study was to report operative outcomes and complications for patients with congenital hypocoagulable disorders who underwent ACL reconstruction.
We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent an ACL reconstruction within Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounter Database from 2010 to 2014. Hemophilia A, hemophilia B and patients were identified. Patient demographics, cost of surgery, blood product use, concomitant injuries, repeat ACL injury, complications and various operative variables were collected. Statistical tests were conducted on SAS 9.4 2013.
Thirty-three hemophilia A, three hemophilia B, 63 von Willebrand factor patients, and 103,478 controls underwent ACL reconstruction. There is a statistically significant difference for hemarthrosis 1 year leading up to injury for hemophilia A compared with control (P = 0.0083). Total healthcare utilization 90 days after surgery was statistically significant for hemophilia A ($30,310 ± 52,745, P < 0.001) and von Willebrand factor ($20,355 ± 23,570, P < 0.001) compared with control ($14,564 ± 9512). Length of hospital stay, postoperative hemorrhage, concomitant injuries to the knee, additional ACL injury, infection rate, deep-vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism were not statistically significant. None of the hemophilia A or von Willebrand factor patients received blood products intraoperatively or postoperatively.
Hemophilia A and von Willebrand factor patients had rates of postoperative complications and ACL re-injuries that were not statistically significant. Cost of healthcare utilization was identified as dramatically greater for hemophilia A and von Willebrand factor patients.
Published by Elsevier B.V.