Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-derived time-in-range (TIR) of 3.9-10 mmol/L is associated with diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but its relationship to peripheral nerve function has not been previously investigated. To explore the association between the TIR and nerve conduction study parameters in patients with T2DM, we performed a cross-sectional analysis.
A total of 740 patients with T2DM were enrolled in this study. All of the participants were divided into tertiles according to the TIR (TIR low: ≤53%; TIR medium: 54-76%; TIR high: ≥77%). Composite Z-scores of nerve conduction velocity (CV), latency, and amplitude were calculated. The linear correlation between the TIR and composite nerve function Z-score was evaluated and risk assessment was analysed using binary logistic regression.
The composite Z-score of the CV and amplitude increased with higher TIR and the composite Z-score of latency significantly decreased as the TIR tertiles increased (all P trend<0.05). After adjusting for age, diabetes duration, height, weight and other confounding factors, higher TIR was associated with a higher composite Z-score of CV (β=0.230, P<0.001), amplitude (β=0.099, P=0.010), and lower composite Z-score of latency (β=-0.172, P<0.001). The risk of TIR tertiles and low composite Z-score of CV remained significant even after adjustment of HbA1c (TIR medium: OR=0.48, P=0.001; TIR high: OR=0.41, P<0.001).
Higher TIR tertiles were independently associated with better peripheral nerve function. CGM-derived TIR may be a promising approach to screen patients for further assessment of possible diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.