Data binding the expression of Toll-like 4 receptor (TLR4ex), transplanted kidney function, and the cause of pre-transplant end-stage renal disease are scarcely available.
To investigate the relationship between pre-transplant chronic interstitial nephritis (CIN), TLR4ex and transplanted kidney function.
TLR4ex was measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 43 CIN kidney transplant recipients. We compared TLR4ex among 33 patients with pre-transplant chronic non-infectious interstitial nephritis (NIN) and 10 patients with pre-transplant chronic pyelonephritis (Py). At the beginning (Day-0) TLR4ex, as well as concentrations of cyclosporin A (CyA) and tacrolimus (TAC) were determined. Both CIN and NIN patients were divided according to the respective median of TLR4ex into groups of low-TLR4 expression (L-TLR4ex) and high-TLR4 expression (H-TLR4ex). Serum creatinine/glomerular filtration rate (sCr/EGFR) was assessed on Day-0 and after the follow-up (F-up). The magnitudes of sCr/EGFR change (ΔsCr/ΔEGFR) were evaluated. The treatment was maintained stable along the F-up period (median 11.9 months).
Day-0: in CIN with L-TLR4ex TAC was lower but sCr/EGFR were not different from H-TLR4ex; in Py TLR4ex and TAC were lower than in NIN with no difference in sCR/eGFR. After F-up: in CIN with L-TLR4ex sCR/EGFR and ΔsCr/ΔEGFR were worse than in H-TLR4ex; in Py sCR/EGFR and ΔsCr/ΔEGFR were worse than in NIN. The regression analysis points out prospective impact of Py and TLR4ex on sCR/eGFR and ΔsCr/ΔeGFR.
In CIN, both TLR4ex and Tac appear to be a useful positive predictor of the effectiveness of immunosuppression. Chronic pyelonephritis indirectly promotes faster progression of chronic transplanted kidney disease.

Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.