To assess the value of 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET Radiomic Features (RF) in predicting Distant Relapse Free Survival (DRFS) in patients with Locally AdvancedPancreaticCancer (LAPC) treated with radio-chemotherapy.
One-hundred-ninety-eight RFs were extracted using IBSI (Image Biomarker Standardization Initiative) consistent software from pre-radiotherapy images of 176 LAPC patients treated with moderate hypo-fractionation (44.25Gy, 2.95Gy/fr). Tumors were segmented by applying a previously validated semi-automatic method. One-hundred-twenty-six RFs were excluded due to poor reproducibility and/or repeatability and/or inter-scanner variability. The original cohort was randomly split into a training (n=116) and a validation (n=60) group. Multi-variable Cox regression was applied to the training group, including only independent RFs in the model. The resulting radiomic index was tested in the validation cohort. The impact of selected clinical variables was also investigated.
The resulting Cox model included two first order RFs: Center of Mass Shift (COMshift) and 10 Intensity percentile (P) (p=0.0005, HR=2.72, 95%CI=1.54-4.80), showing worse outcomes for patients with lower COMshift and higher P. Once stratified by quartile values ( highest quartile vs the remaining), the index properly stratified patients according to their DRFS (p=0.0024, log-rank test). Performances were confirmed in the validation cohort (p=0.03, HR=2.53, 95%CI=0.96-6.65). The addition of clinical factors did not significantly improve the models’ performance.
A radiomic-based index including only two robust PET-RFs predicted DRFS of LAPC patients after radio-chemotherapy. The current results could find relevant applications in the treatment personalization of LAPC. A multi-institution independent validation has been planned.

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.