Hypopharyngeal collapse (HC) considered a challenge in surgery of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Several procedures were presented to deal with HC indirectly via providing support to the lateral walls of the hypopharynx preventing transverse collapse but hyoidthryoidpexy had gained more popularity. The procedure aimed to fix the mobile hyoid bone to a rigid mid-line neck structure, thus preventing the bone and its attached muscles from collapsing during sleep with the negative intrathoracic pressure on inspiration.
A prospective case series study.
From April 2018 to January 2020, A Modified Technique of Trans hyoid hyoidthyroidpexy was applied for all included patients (24) patients with symptoms of OSA showing predominant lateral wall collapse of the hypopharynx (with retro-palatal collapse) with other OSA surgery.
6-8 months postoperatively, the Apnea Hypopnea index dropped from 43.75 ± 8.44 to 16.28 ± 7.35 (P < 0.0001; t = 10.6988). 14 patients (58.33%) were reported as successful while 7 patients (29.17%) were considered responders and three patients (12.5%) were considered non responders. The mean lowest oxygen desaturation elevated from 77.56 ± 5.64 to 92.38 ± 6.25 (p < 0.0001). Epworth Sleepiness Scale improved (P < 0.0001) from 16.85 ± 4.23 to 5.17 ± 3.89.
Trans-hyoid hyoidthyroidpwxy is a modified technique of hyoidthyroidpexy. The procedure reported good outcomes in treating OSA. It is a simple, cost-effective and less traumatic technique. It could be combined with other multilevel surgical procedures.

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