The number of migrants and travellers has grown in recent decades. This phenomenon is also true of people living with HIV, given their much-improved life expectancy and quality of life. A significant number of travellers with HIV are migrants returning to their home countries to visit friends and relatives (VFRs). This population constitutes a high-risk group because they travel for longer and often to rural and remote areas and have closer contact with the local population. In this review we discuss the sociodemographic characteristics of travellers with HIV, the differences between conventional travellers and VFRs, and the risks of HIV acquisition and transmission during travel. We also present the most relevant travel-associated illnesses and highlight the particularities of pre-travel advice given to this population, including immunosuppression, responses to vaccines, high incidence of comorbidities, drug interactions, legal and language barriers. The need to integrate these factors based on far less evidence than that available for the general population makes pre-travel advice for travellers with HIV genuinely challenging.
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