To determine factors associated with the utilization of palliative care (PC) in patients with metastatic gynecologic cancer who died while hospitalized.
Data were abstracted from the National Inpatient Sample database for patients with cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancers from 2005 to 2011. Chi-squared and logistic regression models were used for statistical analyses.
Of 4559 women (median age: 65 years; range: 19-102), 1066 (23.4%) utilized PC. Patients were 24.9% low socioeconomic status (SES), 23.9% low-middle, 23.7% middle-high, and 25.1% high SES. Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance coverage were listed at 46.2%, 37.5%, 11.3% of patients; 36.2%, 21.1%, 18.1%, 24.6% were treated in the South, West, Midwest, and Northeast. Over the 7 year study period, the use of PC increased from 12% to 45%. Older age (odds ratio [OR]: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.11-1.68; = .003), high SES (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.12-1.78; = .003), more recent treatment (OR: 9.22; 95% CI: 6.8-12.51; < .0001), private insurance (OR: 1.81; 95% CI: 1.46-2.25; < .001), and treatment at large-volume hospitals (OR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.04-1.77; = .02), Western (OR: 2.00; 95% CI: 1.61-2.49; < .001) and Midwestern hospitals (OR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.08-1.68; = .001) were associated with higher utilization of PC.
The use of inpatient PC for patients with gynecologic cancer increased over time. The lower utilization of PC for terminal illness was associated with younger age, lower SES, government-issued insurance coverage, and treatment in Southern and smaller volume hospitals, and warrants further attention.

References

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