This study aimed to compare the characteristics of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) with non-TNBC on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and synthetic MRI.
This retrospective study included 79 patients with histopathologically proven breast cancer (TNBC: 16, non-TNBC: 63) who underwent synthetic MRI. Using synthetic MR images, we obtained T1 and T2 relaxation times in breast lesions before (Pre-T1, Pre-T2, Pre-PD) and after (Gd-T1, Gd-T2, Gd-PD) contrast agent injection. Subsequently, we calculated the ΔT1 (Pre-T1 – Gd-T1), ΔT2 (Pre-T2 – Gd-T2), Pre-T1/T2, and Gd-T1/T2. We compared the aforementioned quantitative values, as well as several morphologic features between TNBCs and non-TNBCs that were identified on DCE-MRI.
The multivariate analyses revealed that the Pre-T2 (P = 0.037) and the presence of rim enhancement (P-RIM) (P = 0.034) were significant and independent predictors of TNBC. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve for all breast cancers was greater when a combination of Pre-T2 and P-RIM (Pre-T2+P-RIM; Method 3, AUC (area under the curve) = 0.858) was used to distinguish between TNBCs and non-TNBCs versus the use of either Pre-T2 alone (Method 1, AUC = 0.786) or P-RIM alone (Method 2, AUC = 0.747).
Pre-T2 obtained using synthetic MRI and P-RIM identified on DCE-MRI allowed the differentiation between TNBCs and non-TNBCs. However, these results are preliminary and need to be verified by further studies.

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