CD200R has been reported to be the receptor for the immune checkpoint molecule CD200 and can transduce immune-suppressive signals. In this study, we mainly focused on the expression level of CD200R in T cells in pulmonary artery (PA) blood and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor tissue.
Immune cells were isolated from dissected tumor samples and PA blood of NSCLC patients and analyzed with multiparameter flow cytometry. The co-expression of CD200R with other immune checkpoints, including programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), and T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM-3), was also investigated.
CD200R expression was observed on the surface of approximately 75% of T cells among tumor-infiltrating leukocytes (TILs). Compared to T cells extracted from TILs, only 55% of T cells extracted from PA blood exhibited CD200R expression. Moreover, with higher expression of CD200R, the expression of other immune checkpoints, including PD-1, CTLA-4, and TIM-3, was also increased in tumor-infiltrating T cells compared to T cells in PA blood.
Our results showed that those tumors were dominated by T cells expressing CD200R together with other checkpoints, which suggests a phenotypic change after T cell infiltration into the tumor, such as T cell exhaustion.

© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.