The aim is to quantify and analyse tumour motion during a course of treatment for lung SBRT patients.
Peak-to-peak motion of 483 tumours in 441 patients treated with peripheral lung SBRT at a single institution over a two year period was measured on planning CT and at all treatment fractions. Planning 4D-CT scans were analysed using our clinical workflow involving deformable propagation of the delineated target to all phases. Similarly, acquisition of the 4D-CBCT data followed the clinical workflow based on XVI 5.0 available on Elekta linacs. Differences and correlations of the peak-to-peak motion on the planning CT and at treatment were analysed.
On the planning CT, a total of 81.4% of the tumours had a peak-to-peak motion <10 mm, and 96.1% had 7 mm) at the first fraction were evaluated individually, and they all had poor 4DCT image quality. The difference between the first and second/third fractions had a mean and standard deviation of 0.4 mm/0.5 mm and 2.0 mm/1.9 mm.
Tumour motion at first treatment was similar to motion at planning, and motion at subsequent treatments was very similar to motion at first treatment. Large tumour motions are located towards the caudal posterior tumour locations. Patients with poor 4D-CT image quality should be closely followed at the first treatment to verify the motion.