This study was aimed to establish local reference values for hematological indices and hemoglobin (Hb) fractions in umbilical cord blood (UCB) for the northern population of Tunisia.
 Our study included full-term newborns by vaginal deliveries. Hematological parameters were collected using an automated blood cell counter. The amounts of Hb fractions were measured by capillary electrophoresis of Hb. Statistical analysis was performed using R software.
 A total of 328 cord blood samples were analyzed. Among them, 154 (male: 44.8%, female: 55.2%) were used to establish reference values. The normal reference values of complete blood count (CBC) and Hb fractions were calculated. Mean neonatal Hb was 14.75 ± 2.26 g/dL. Gestational age affects the expression of CBC values as red blood cell (RBC), Hb, hematocrit (Hct), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), white blood cell (WBC), and the Hb profile. Umbilical blood hemogram parameters and Hb profile are affected by the environment; higher in newborns from urban regions but not affected by gender ratio.
 Reference ranges of normal CBC indices and Hb fractions have been successfully established in Tunisian neonates’ UCB. Our data suggest reference values that could be useful for neonatal patients’ laboratory results and clinical interpretation.
· Reference values for CBC and hemoglobin fractions have been established.. · Hematological reference for UCB is useful to identify hemolytic anemia cases early.. · UCB hematological values are influenced by gestational age and probably by environmental factors..

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